• Sukabumi Integrated Coastal Management



    •Sukabumi Regency is located in the West Java province on the south coast of Java Island, around 170 km away from the Indonesia’s capital of Jakarta. It is a part of the rapidly growing economic region of Jakarta and surrounding planet cities and regencies.
    •Blessed with natural wonder reflected in mountains, rivers, beaches and the adjacent beautiful Bay of Palabuhanratu,
    •We realizes the huge potential of this area and is committed to pursuing economic development of the maritime city through the development of coastal tourism, fisheries and other related services and industries.
    •The government of Sukabumi Regency, at the same time, recognizes the potential threats to the ecological balance of its coastal areas, as a result of pollution, habitat degradation, coastal erosion and sedimentation, as environmental challenges in addition to the  number of management issues such as multiple-use conflicts and the lack of integrated planning
    •In line with a long-term sustainable coastal and marine development paradigm, i.e. “Protecting life support systems and conserving coastal and marine resources for sustainable development and welfare of the people of Sukabumi Regency”, the Government of Sukabumi Regency realizes the importance of applying an integrated approach in the use and management of its coastal and marine resources.
    Establishment of Sukabumi Integrated Coastal Management Program (ICMP) was indicated by the signatory Memorandum of Agreement (MOA)) between Head Sukabumi Regency and Director of GEF/UNDP/IMO Partnership for Environmental Management for the Seas of East Asia (PEMSEA) Regional Program on 24 February 2003
    • Establishment of Program Coordinating Committee (PCC) and Program Management Office (PMO) of Sukabumi ICMP has been undertaken through the Decree of Head of Sukabumi Regency.
    • The PCC functions under the responsibility of the Head of Sukabumi Regency and chaired by Executive Secretary of Sukabumi Regency. PCC members consist of Heads of concerned local government units/offices, Heads of the 9 (nine) Sub Districts covered within the scope area of Sukabumi ICMP, representatives of community based organization (TP3TP) and POKWASMAS.
    • Sukabumi ICMP have been executed in 7 (seven) years by various program according to cycle of ICM, we have been done Preparation and Initiation phase, and the Implementation phase .

    A number of strategic approaches have been observed and applied in the development and implementation of an Integrated Coastal Management Program  in Sukabumi Regency, i.e:

    1. Integrated planning process across various sectors concerned in coastal and marine resource management;
    2. Harmonizing the budget portfolio and allocation in individual sectors concerned in order to optimize use of available local government budget resources to address strategic environmental issues, succeed the milestones for effective implementation and achieve the objectives of the integrated coastal management program;
    3. Continued public awareness and education programs in order to empower and enable coastal communities to increase their quality of involvement and promote self-reliant co-management initiatives in the management process, which run through a united local CBO called “Team for the Management and Preservation of Palabuhanratu Bay” or “TP3TP” in its Indonesian acronym”;
    4. Promoting a more appropriate, effective scientific consideration and input in the planning and decision making process;
    5. Promoting equal, synergic partnerships among the government, private sector and public in coastal and marine resource management

    To support accelerating development and boost economic gains in coastal zone, the Regency Government, in synergic collaboration with concerned central government agencies and private sectors, have planned or been carrying out infrastructure/facility constructions and management business strengthening in a number of sectors, such as
    •Developing Pelabuhanratu’s fishing port/terminal and upgrading its class  from domestic to an ocean-going fishing port/terminal. This will allow a greater capacity to receive landing fishes, provided that the catching technology of the local fishermen is upgraded to access up to the exclusive economic zone.
    •Developing and enhancing coastal tourism management and facilities such as hotels, restaurants, various tourist activities, safety support facilities, pedestrian, public space, water supply system and alike
    •Developing palabuhanratu coal powerplant to support electricity demand in java-bali and maintain and improve electricity in Sukabumi Regency, especially in Palabuhanratu.

    On the other hand, a number of environmental problems and management issues still exist that need to be addressed, considered and resolved as a consequence of the efforts and challenges in achieving the preset development objectives, i.e
    •Increased production of domestic solid waste and sewages, as well as potential increased industrial waste from urban areas versus lack of proper waste management regulation and systems;
    •Potential conflict between government and local communities with respect to the government’s plan of action to regulate and rearrange the use of area along the beach based on a  ‘later coming into force’ local regulation on coastal use zoning scheme.
    •Misleading perception that development is only limited to physical infrastructure may lead to under-estimation of the importance of integrated planning and management which require participation and commitment of various sectors and local stakeholders;

    •Conflict between resource-based short-term economic gain interest and the need for the protection and conservation of coastal and marine resources;
    •Challenge in promoting and setting up  effective institutional arrangements and coordination mechanisms by conventional individual sector/agency ego or project oriented perspectives.

    The Integrated Coastal Management Program in Sukabumi Regency, as one of PEMSEA’s ICM parallel sites, now in implementation phase. There are several fundamental principles, milestones and factors for the successful implementation of this program that are important to share
    1. Chance for success in achieving ultimate objectives of sustainable use and management of coastal and marine resources at local level, in all cases, primarily determined by how the highest level of management of the local government, together and supported by local parliament and concerned local government agencies/units are conscious over the need and importance of and committed to develop and implement a holistic and integrated management approach.
    2. Subject to local administrative, political and social set up, there are a number of strategic element to develop and implement in transforming the principles, concepts and objectives of integrated coastal management into reality, i.e.:
    • Strong, stable institutional and legislative arrangements over changing political situations;
    • Operational, effective coordination mechanisms across sectors in planning and implementing ICM program activities;
    • Adequate scientific inputs due consideration in the planning and decision-making process
    • Appropriate, scientifically viable coastal zonation schemes, which developed through equal top-down/bottom-up public consultation.
    • Sufficient public education, awareness and initiatives/involvement in management processes;
    • Smart, synergic partnerships among government and private sectors/investors through co-management and market-based approaches to ensure a sustainable financing scheme for long-term coastal and marine resource use and management.

    3.  While moving towards achieving medium, long-term goals of integrated coastal management implementation cycles; emphasis also needs to be put on the delivery of strategic actions. This may result in some short-term outcomes and milestones having positive demonstrative effects and may strengthen the confidence and widen, active participation of the public and government authorities.


    • We (Authorities/local governments) need to be aware of our responsibility for creating frameworks, legal basis and arrangements, and basic services and infrastructures that make it possible for coastal and marine area development activities to run and move forward with the involvement of private sectors and the community in general.
    • Integrated Coastal Management” is not a one-for-all principle; it is a continuous and interactive process; it cannot be successfully implemented overnight and in fully integrated circumstances. The success of ICM program development and implementation is determined by the level of consciousness, awareness, commitment, consistence, capacity and confidence of authority/local government and other stakeholders as well as  the presence of a common vision and clear objectives that can be shared by various stakeholders.